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Little Legion celebrates long history

Post by Guest on Thu 10 Aug 2017, 15:13

Little Legion celebrates long history

Roberts Creek


AUGUST 10, 2017 11:07 AM

Roberts Creek Legion Branch #219, circa 1958, showing the original cabin building. The Little Legion celebrates its 70th anniversary this year. The public is invited to a family-friendly event on Aug. 12, with cake cutting at 1 p.m.

Roberts Creek Legion 219 – The Little Legion – is celebrating 70 years in the community this Saturday.

The all-ages celebration will have activities for the kids, live entertainment, a barbecue by donation and a cake cutting ceremony at 1 p.m. at the Legion, located at 3064 Lower Road.

The Little Legion has a lot to celebrate, from its meagre beginnings as a fishing cabin to overcoming a near-death experience just four years ago.

While a group of veterans started meeting in a Roberts Creek basement in 1946, ultimately receiving a Legion charter in 1947, it was the fundraising effort and vision of veterans Jack Hamon and Jack Eldred that made a freestanding Legion possible in 1958.

“After hosting fishing derbies, they purchased a small fishing cabin in 1958 which became home to Royal Canadian Legion Branch 219 Roberts Creek,” said current president Diane McIntosh.

“The original building was just a quarter of the size of what it is now, but the original cabin is still there. It’s just been added onto.”

The cabin structure is still visible on the front right hand side of the Legion when facing it from Lower Road.

“We can actually see where there is an old bulkhead in the building and that’s where the original Legion ended,”

The small space served veterans well in the area until the early ’70s when it was expanded. The Little Legion was again expanded in the ’80s when Ron Oram and a crew of dedicated diggers spent a year burrowing out a basement.

“That’s where the snooker room is now,” McIntosh said.

A smoking room was added in 2003 to comply with new laws, but that room is now used for meetings, as smoking has been moved outside.

The Little Legion now has room for a small dance floor and stage, kitchen and bar, a pool table, dart boards and seating for over 100 guests. The building also can be rented out to groups for private events.

While the Legion space has expanded over the years, the Legion membership has dropped as veterans have passed away and it’s been hard to attract new members, despite the change several years ago that made it possible for any adult to join.

Due to the decline in members and patrons at the Legion, it was in dire straits about four years ago.

“The executive at that time announced that the Legion was in serious financial debt and needed to fundraise about $7,000 in three months, and as they felt that was not able to happen they were letting the community know they felt there was nothing that could be done,” McIntosh said.

“But a group of members calling themselves Team 219 were willing to jump in, so we struck a fundraising committee and in three months raised nearly $10,000 from the community and members. Everybody just threw themselves into it.”

One of the more popular fundraisers the committee put on was called A Close Shave for the Legion and it saw three members shave their heads on the mandala at Creek Daze at 2:19 p.m. for the cause.

“We made about $3,000 from that alone,” McIntosh said. “It was our cook and our bartender and one of our members.”

While the money raised was enough to save the Legion that year, members realized it would take more to keep the doors open in the long run so they changed up some programing and tried to attract a new crowd.

“We tried to address everybody’s critique or concern, what they wanted to see at the Legion,” McIntosh said.

The changes led to a wider variety of entertainment, as well as Friday night dinner music and trivia nights.

“We just kept trying to answer everybody’s needs and also tried to attract the younger members, which are the next generation.”

She said the biggest barrier to increasing membership at the Legion is the misconception about it. “People don’t understand that anybody can join. They don’t understand that it’s a community service organization and people don’t understand that it is not a government-run organization and that it is not a supporting war organization,” she said.

The Legion does support veterans and it also gives back to the community through bursaries and grants.

While the Legion isn’t on the verge of closure any more, securing new members is imperative to its health and longevity in the community that it has served for seven decades.

Half-price memberships for the rest of 2017 will be sold at the anniversary event this Saturday. Membership comes with privileges like discounts on events and the ability to bring guests to the Legion.

McIntosh hopes the community will come out between noon and 6 p.m. on Aug. 12 to tour the Legion, learn more about it and celebrate its history in the Creek.

Learn more at http://www.robertscreeklegion.ca/



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Sault couple’s story to become a national treasure (5 photos)

Post by Guest on Thu 10 Aug 2017, 15:28

Sault couple’s story to become a national treasure (5 photos)

Sault woman and husband to donate over 400 wartime letters to Canadian War Museum; letters from Sault veteran to sweetheart are heartwarming and heart rending

Aug 10, 2017  By: Darren Taylor

1 / 5 Carl Mann, Sault native and veteran, wrote over 400 letters to his sweetheart and future wife Jean during the Second World War. Photos supplied by Donald Mann and Johanne Messier-Mann. Darren Taylor/SooToday

The Sault’s Johanne Messier-Mann has completed a project to honour her late father-in-law and for future generations to learn from.

Mann’s father-in-law, Second World War veteran and Sault resident Carl Mann, who passed away in 2015 in his 94th year, left his vast collection of wartime letters for Johanne to preserve.

Mann had written his wartime sweetheart and future wife, Jean Jewitt, a total of 492 letters between 1942 and 1946.

After carefully reading each one, many of them faded with age, and transcribing each letter’s words on to her computer, Johanne and husband Donald Mann (Carl and Jean’s son) have decided to donate the letters to the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa.

“The letters (kept by Jean, who passed away in 2004 at 80) sat at my parents place for 72 years.  This was the first time these letters had been opened in over 70 years,” Donald said.

“The letters were so important to them,” Johanne told SooToday.

“It was a lifeline to them.  He mentioned he once received 10 of Jean’s letters almost all at once, but at other times he had not received one of her letters for as long as a month.”

In the Second World War, long before any kind of instant electronic communication such as texting, email or Skype existed, and unable to place long distance calls, letters were indeed a lifeline between loved ones separated by war and thousands of miles.

And, unlike the tone of today’s electronic communication, men and women poured their emotions, such as their hopes, fears and affectionate longing for each other into the written words contained in those letters.

“He gave the letters to me and he said ‘I know you’ll know what to do with them,’” Johanne said.

“She was the only one who had the stamina to go through all of those letters,” Donald said, in praise of Johanne’s research and dedication.

Johanne said she would undertake the project once she retired from the nursing profession.

She opened the box of letters and spread them out on an extended kitchen table in her home, sorting them in piles by month and year, and read them in four months.

“The letters were love letters, and he was always concerned about his family being okay and asked about the weather at home… some of them contained some very interesting excerpts,” Johanne said.

Carl Mann and Jean Jewitt met in 1942, and two weeks after that first meeting Carl left for England to serve overseas.

It was love at first sight and a love that lasted, as the couple stayed in contact through letters from 1942 until Carl returned home to Canada in 1946.

“You must really love somebody to stay together (through letters) for four years,” Johanne said.

Carl enlisted in the Canadian Army in 1942 and trained at a Royal Canadian Corps of Signals facility near Kingston, Ontario.

Stationed in England at first, Carl’s Signal Corps unit eventually crossed over to the continent, witnessing the war in France, Belgium and Germany.

The Signal Corps would follow British troops to restore and maintain the lines of communication by erecting telephone poles and wires after the carnage of battle.

Modern military communication today, of course, is information technology sent via computer, but during World War II, “you had to run miles of wire, climbing telephone poles,” Donald said.

Often, Carl would have to work atop telephone poles with enemy bullets whizzing by him.

“He spoke a lot about minefields too,” Johanne added.  

Excerpts from Carl’s letters to Jean which Johanne shared with us are both heart-warming and heart-rending.

“I just received another of your letters.  I am so lonely it is unbearable.  It is very lonely over here just waiting for God only knows what.  I wish it (the Allied invasion of Europe) would start soon to get it over with.  Don’t worry, I’ll try to take care of myself as best as I can.  You mentioned joining the Air Force.  Please, do not do that.  One of us in this war is enough.”  (June 13, 1943)

“I am longing every minute to return.  It makes me very unhappy that we’re wasting the best years of our lives.  It’ll be better when I come back.  It is very funny when I say ‘when I come back,’ for God only knows what will happen to us when we go into action.  All we can do is pray we come together again.”  (June 23, 1943)

Before the Allies landed in Normandy June 6, 1944 to liberate western Europe, they first landed in Sicily, then the Italian mainland, in 1943, hoping to fight their way north into Germany.

Anticipated to be a relatively easy campaign by Winston Churchill, describing Italy as ‘the soft underbelly of Europe,’ the Italian front became known instead as ‘the Tough Old Gut,’ as Hitler’s forces invaded the country, dug in, and fought a long and bitter campaign after Mussolini’s Fascist regime surrendered to the Allies in 1943, the war on the Italian front not ending until late April, 1945.

At the time, however, Allied troops like Carl Mann were hoping for a quick end to the war through Italy.

“Did you see the news?  The Canadians were the spearhead going into Italy.  It won’t be long now before it’ll be all over with…maybe we’ll be together for Christmas.”  (Sept. 3, 1943)

“Italy just surrendered.  It won’t be long now before we’re in Germany itself and then Japan will get it too.” (Sept. 8, 1943)

From England, Carl and his unit were sent to France in the aftermath of the June 6, 1944 D-Day landings, on June 23, 1944.

Carl wrote “it has finally started.  The Second Front is on.  What a sensation.  I’m glad it’s started so we can get it over with.  It’s what we’ve all been waiting for.”

“I miss you.  I could sit down and have a good cry.  The weather’s okay.  I hope it doesn’t rain and make everything muddy again.  It’s terrible when there is mud.  We get plastered with it.  There must be two inches thick of it on our boots.”

“If anything should happen to me darling, please do not worry.  I want you to know you are the only girl I have loved in this entire world.  I pray to God to bring me back safely to you.  He is the only one who can do this for us…I’ll be there for that day at the altar.  Oh, happy day!”

“There are some funny things that happened too, like a rabbit running into his tent and it scared him.  You can imagine, you hear this noise and they all come running outside and there’s a rabbit.  They wanted to eat it,” Donald laughed.

There was anger too.

“It was probably a relief to write down what they did (though much of the mail was censored).  The stress level was high,” Donald said.

Sometimes, Allied troops were tempted to take out that stress on captured enemy soldiers.

“They captured an SS officer.  They made the comment ‘we would have pumped him with so much lead they wouldn’t have been able to lift him,’” Donald said.

Carl witnessed the horrors of the Belsen concentration camp in 1945.

“He was able to get himself a good camera and film for it.  The pictures he took, some of them were pretty graphic, the original ovens where they cremated people, the mass graves, piles of hair,” Donald said.

Carl longed to come home to Canada after the war in Europe ended in May, 1945, but being single at the time, he found he would have to wait in line behind married soldiers, who were sent home first.

His last letter to Jean from overseas was dated Jan. 29, 1946, and Carl was eventually sent home to Canada that spring.

Carl and Jean were married June 15, 1946 in Kingston, the couple settling down in Sault Ste. Marie where Carl worked at Algoma Steel.

The couple had two sons, Donald and Stephen.

Donald is a retired Algoma Steel engineer, Johanne a retired former Sault Area Hospital chief nursing officer and Extendicare Maple View administrator.

“It’s a good story.  It would make a great movie,” Johanne said.

As for donating Carl’s letters (along with his other military paraphernalia) to the Canadian War Museum, Johanne said “the knowledge (of the war years) has to be shared with young people.”  

“Most of us, our age, our families went to war and we were in closer contact with it than younger people would be, so we want to share this with younger people.”



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75 years later: Return of the Rileys to Dieppe

Post by Guest on Sat 12 Aug 2017, 06:00

75 years later: Return of the Rileys to Dieppe

Seventy-five years after nearly 200 Royal Hamilton Light Infantry were massacred in the raid on Dieppe, a group of ‘Rileys’ head back to the beach in France to salute fallen comrades

Aug 12, 2017 By Mark McNeil

The beach at Dieppe looking toward the west headland, with the military waste of a battle gone wrong.

They say it was the darkest day in Canadian military history and 75 years after the disastrous raid of Dieppe the wounds still run deep in Hamilton.

Nearly 200 soldiers from the Royal Hamilton Light Infantry died on the stony beach in France on Aug. 19, 1942. Virtually everyone in the city at the time knew someone who was killed and today the carnage still haunts family memories.

Now the stage is set for what is being seen as the last major commemoration of the battle with ceremonies in France and Hamilton on the 75th anniversary date.

A group of more than 50 'Riley' soldiers, officers and family members is heading to Dieppe to join a larger contingency of other Canadian regiments to salute their fallen comrades.

The 10-day RHLI pilgrimage will also stop at other battlefields such as Vimy Ridge, the Somme, Passchendaele and Normandy to remember other fallen Rileys and other Canadian soldiers who paid the supreme sacrifice.

It's all a sesquicentennial journey through Hamilton eyes at Canada's coming of age in the blood and muck of European war — and The Spectator will be covering it along the way in the paper and online.

But one thing that will be conspicuous in Dieppe — and along the rest of the route — is the fewer numbers of veterans themselves. There is no one alive from the First World War and the ranks of vets from the Second World War have severely dwindled with survivors well into their 90s.

In the case of the RHLI, there are only two known living participants from the raid — Fred Engelbrecht, 97, and Ken Curry, 95. Both were captured and spent the rest of the war and prisoners of Nazis.

It will be the first time that a major commemoration in Dieppe France — that tend to happen every five years — did not include Dieppe veterans from the Rileys. It marks a turning point where the battle and the war are exiting living memory.

Engelbrecht said "I probably could have gone but I didn't want to go because it brings back a lot of bad memories. I lost an awful lot of friends that day."

Curry, who lives in Victoria B.C. says "when I found out that Fred was going to stay in Hamilton, I decided that I should spend the day with him."

Both are planning to attend the annual service at the Dieppe monument on the Beach Strip in Hamilton.

RHLI officials say there could possibly be other surviving Riley Dieppe vets from the 582 who landed on the beach that day. But they aren't aware of any. Last February, they were taken aback to learn that Erkki Ahonpa had died at the age of 96. The regiment had not heard anything about him for numerous years and assumed he had passed on some time ago.

His death notice said he joined the RHLI when he was 18 and was wounded at Dieppe but "because he was a strong swimmer he survived until rescued."

Also last year, one of the city's most well-known veterans of the raid, Jack McFarland, died at the age of 95.

McFarland family members will be part of the Riley group travelling to France and they will spread his ashes on the beach.

"My dad went four times to Dieppe," says son Jack McFarland Jr. "This was his request to have his ashes taken back there."

RHLI Commanding officer Lieutenant-Colonel J.P. Hoekstra says "The trip we are embarking on is a pilgrimage of sorts."

"It was a tragedy for us yet it was still a watershed moment where the Canadians were working together as a unit to liberate Europe from oppression."

Military historian Tim Cook, from the Canadian Military Museum in Ottawa, says "Dieppe was one day in a very long and bloody war, but it is a single day that continues to haunt Canadians ... There is something about Dieppe that continues to demand answers.

"It really hits you in the gut when you are at the beach. When you stand there you really do feel it. It's impossible to imagine how someone could think landing a force there would be successful."

In a matter of hours, more than 1,000 Allied troops (who were mostly Canadian) were killed. Another 2,300 became prisoners of war. All kinds of military gear was left in wreckage on the beach or submerged in the English Channel.

The element of surprise was compromised when the fleet of Allied ships came upon a German convoy. The landing was delayed with most troops hitting the beach in daylight instead of darkness. Plans to knock out fortifications failed.

When it came time for the Rileys to land at what is referred to as White Beach, they found themselves headlong in a hail of enemy fire.

"When they dropped the ramp on the boat, they were firing everything at us. When it cooled down a bit we started firing back but there wasn't that many of us to fire back. Most were lying badly wounded or dead on the beach," Curry said in an interview.

"When the bullets started to come, they were like hail. They were mowing us down. It was something terrible."


905-526-4687 | @Markatthespec

Mark McNeil is a reporter with the Hamilton Spectator.



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Historic Battle of Vimy Ridge remembered by pilots in Regina

Post by Guest on Sun 13 Aug 2017, 18:49

Historic Battle of Vimy Ridge remembered by pilots in Regina

Ashley Martin, Regina Leader-Post

August 13, 2017

The planes Allan Snowie has been flying lately are a little different than the ones he worked on during a 30-plus-year career piloting with Air Canada.

These aircraft are replicas of Canada’s first fighter planes, the Nieuport 11.

Snowie and a team of nine other pilots have taken five planes across Canada and to France as part of the Vimy Flight, a tour honouring the 100th anniversary of the First World War Battle of Vimy Ridge.

Three were at the Regina airport for an open house on Sunday.

“The word ‘honour’ is thrown around a little too loosely these days,” said Snowie, “but what we’re doing, I feel very privileged to be doing it. To fly over Vimy Ridge, to look down on that magnificent monument, I did the first trip over and I kind of misted up my goggles.”

The planes have an open cockpit, a tiny windshield and a wooden plank seat. The exterior is covered in a heavy vinyl-like fabric. The speed maxes out at 105 kilometres per hour. These planes represent the most advanced technology of 1916.

“School buses pass us,” said Snowie. In a plane versus bird collision, “the bird might win.”

“It’s very small and the French called it ‘le bebe’ for that very reason, probably the smallest single-seat fighter aircraft of the First World War,” he added.

The original planes had a machine gun mounted above the wing, which fired over the propeller.

The Vimy Flight tour has been a “real thrill,” said Snowie, who was an air cadet and naval pilot before becoming a commercial pilot.

“You’re re-enacting what they did, and these were 18-, 19-year-olds that were flying these things, not old retired geezers like myself.”

He said that as a baby boomer, he is among the “last living connection with World War I veterans.”

It’s important to keep those stories alive, he said.

Chris Donohue agreed.

“It’s something that needs to be preserved for the younger generations to say ‘this is what it was like back then,’” said Donohue, an Air Canada pilot who has a degree in military history.

“This is how Canada became a nation and it’s something that needs to be set down to future generations that this is where past generations came from.”

“There’s so much history tied up in it,” said Will Chabun, a member of the Canadian Aviation Historical Society, which co-sponsored the open house along with the Experimental Aircraft Association.

He hopes seeing the planes will encourage people to read about Canadian history and think about the wartime sacrifice.

“So many young people with so much to contribute fell in our collective service at that time. I’m full of sorrow, but admiration as well,” said Chabun.

“It’s time to put the Canadians back being proud of their history,” said Snowie, adding that Vimy Ridge was Canada’s real birth as a nation.

“The farmer from the prairies met up with the orchard farmer from Niagara Falls; the fisherman from Nova Scotia met up with the fisherman from British Columbia. … This was really a coming together of Canada.”

The Vimy Flight tour is stopping on Wednesday in Davidson, and will spend Friday through Sunday in Saskatoon.



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Dieppe presentation planned

Post by Guest on Mon 14 Aug 2017, 14:07

Canadian prisoners being led away through Dieppe after the raid.

Dieppe presentation planned

Andy Wylie, creator of Vimy Lane, to give talk on why the Dieppe disaster was actually a success

ROGER KNOX Mon Aug 14th, 2017

A Vernon history buff will give a presentation commemorating a dark day in Canadian history.

Yet Andy Wylie’s talk will focus on why the raid at Dieppe in 1942 was, in his view, a success.

Titled “Well Spent Lives,” Wylie will give his presentation on the 75th anniversary of the unsuccessful Dieppe Raid Saturday from 9 a.m. to 10 a.m.

The presentation will be at Vimy Lane, the only Vimy Ridge memorial in Canada, at Wylie’s residence in the 4000 block of 29th Street.

“The truth is, Dieppe was a success,” said Wylie. “Winston Churchill and (Admiral) Mountbatten planned and executed the disaster at Dieppe, and Canadian lives moved D-Day from U.S. defeat in 1943 to an allied victory on June 6, 1944.”

According to Veterans Affairs Canada, the Dieppe Raid – code-named “Operation Jubilee” – saw more than 6,000 men come ashore at five different points along a 16-kilometre stretch of the heavily defended coastline.

Things went immediately wrong for the landing force on the eastern flank as they were met by a small German convoy, and the ensuing firefight alerted the enemy.

While the losses were heavy and the raid did not meet most of its desired objective, historians feel lessons learned at Dieppe played an important role in the success of later action. Wylie concurs.

Of the 4,963 Canadians who embarked upon Dieppe, only approximately 2,200 returned to England and many of those had been wounded. A total of 916 Canadians were killed as a result of the raid, and 1,950 more were taken prisoner.

Those wishing to attend Wylie’s presentation are asked to bring a chair, and walk or bike to Vimy Lane.



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City man to travel to Dieppe

Post by Guest on Mon 14 Aug 2017, 14:21

City man to travel to Dieppe


Dave Mabell

Lethbridge Herald


A Lethbridge man will join thousands of Canadians commemorating one of this nation’s most famous military events.

For Trevor Anderson, it will be his first visit to Dieppe, on the north coast of France. It was there, 75 years ago this Saturday, that more than 900 Canadian soldiers lost their lives on a beach during a pivotal raid on Nazi-controlled land.

Nearly 5,000 Canadians led the 1942 raid, and Anderson’s grandfather was one of the ones who survived. But he was captured by the enemy and spent years as a prisoner of war.

Archie Anderson was farming south of Calgary before he enlisted with the King’s Own Calgary Tank Regiment. Anderson Road, now an urban thoroughfare, is named in his memory.

“The bulk of the men (in the raid) were Canadian,” his grandson says. “About 2,000 of them were taken prisoner.”

Archie Anderson – later awarded the Military Medal – was taken to various “stalag” camps in Poland, then later sent on a three-month forced march west as Russian troops began to contain the Nazi forces.

“The Germans were hoping to use them as bargaining chips,” Trevor Anderson believes.

After the successful D-Day Invasion in 1944 – based heavily on lessons learned at Dieppe – the captive Canadians were sent to England to recuperate. Nevertheless, Anderson says his grandfather returned home a shadow of his previous 185 pounds.

In years since, other members of the family have had an opportunity to visit the historic site as well as other time-honoured battlefields where Canadians fought and died for their country.

Now Anderson is planning to visit several of those after attending memorial events at Dieppe.

“There will be several ceremonies there,” he understands.

One will be in “Canada Park,” a protected area facing the beach.

“Maybe we’ll stop at Vimy Ridge, or Dunkirk.”

Calgary MP Kent Hehr, minister of veterans’ affairs, will lead observances Saturday in Dieppe.

In Calgary, Lieutenant Governor Lois Mitchell will join members of the King’s Own Regiment Association for a 10 a.m. ceremony Saturday at the Calgary Military Museum on Crowchild Trail SW.



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Red Deer County development to name streets after area soldiers killed in First, Second World War

Post by Guest on Wed 16 Aug 2017, 05:48

Red Deer County development to name streets after area soldiers killed in First, Second World War

MURRAY CRAWFORD Tue Aug 15th, 2017

Four roads in a rural residential development will be named for Central Alberta war veterans.

Poplar Pointe Estates received four new names for its streets, all named for members of the Whyte family who served during the First and Second World Wars.

Despite objections to the development itself, Coun. Christine Moore liked the proposal.

“Although I’ve been vehemently opposed to the subdivision, but if it is to be I have no objection to the roads being named after veterans who gave their lives as soldiers,” she said.

The 39-unit residential subdivision west of Red Deer is still under development.

The four new street names include Whyte Memorial Drive, Jack Whyte Place. Wilfred Whyte Street and Cecil Whyte Road. Wilfred was a recipient of a Military Cross, which was awarded to officers of British Commonwealth countries since the First World War. Wilfrid and his brothers Cecil and Reginald lived in Edmonton. Wilfred died on October 1918, in France after he was critically wounded.

Cecil died when his plane was shot down in Belgium. Reginald was the sole Whyte brother to survive the war and settled in Red Deer to become a leading citizen. Cecil’s diaries from the war are now kept at the Red Deer archives.

Jack is the oldest son of Reginald and went to school in Red Deer. He joined the Royal Canadian Air Force and received his wings in 1943 in Claresholm. He was killed on active duty in February 1944.

“I like the idea of honouring our veterans,” said County Mayor Jim Wood. “It doesn’t follow our policy of subdivision naming, but I’m fully in favour of honouring our veterans.”

The signs will be installed at the cost of the developer. However, standard municipal addresses that conform to the county standard identifying Range Road or Township Road and address will be assigned to the properties in the subdivision.



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'You don't try and forget': Calgary regiment to be honoured at Dieppe anniversary

Post by Guest on Wed 16 Aug 2017, 16:30

'You don't try and forget': Calgary regiment to be honoured at Dieppe anniversary

Josh K. Elliott, CTVNews.ca August 16, 2017

A Canadian tank crew will be among the many veterans honoured in France this weekend, on the 75th anniversary of the pivotal Dieppe Raid that took place during the Second World War.

A memorial and a ceremony are expected to pay tribute to members of the King’s Own Calgary Regiment who drove their tanks into Dieppe on Aug. 19, 1942, during Canada’s bloodiest day of the war. Some 5,000 Canadian troops were involved in the conflict, which resulted in more than half of the Allied forces being either killed, injured or captured. Historians say that despite the defeat, the Dieppe Raid was crucial to the war effort, as it laid the groundwork for the D-Day invasion of Normandy two years later.

King’s Own Calgary Regiment President Dick Cruickshank says the memorial will commemorate a “significant step” in the regiment’s history, at a time when very few veterans from the battle remain alive.

“It’s an opportunity, and maybe the last time we actually have surviving veterans able to join us,” he said.

Among those surviving veterans is 95-year-old William “Bill” Stewart, who served as a gunner in the battle at the age of 20. Stewart says he still remembers riding into battle inside the bulky, heavily-armoured, 38-ton Churchill tank that he and his four crewmates called “Bert.” The vehicle was part of a larger regiment of 28 tanks.

“It was a big one and (had) lots of steel in it, but a pea shooter for a gun,” Stewart told CTV Calgary. “You might as well be using a slingshot.”
“Bert” was one of five tanks to break through into Dieppe, but it was quickly disabled along with two others. Crews from the three disabled tanks were forced to cram into the other two that remained operational, so Stewart says he didn’t see much of the battle after that.
“I was laying behind the driver,” he said.

Stewart and his crewmates were ultimately captured in the battle, and he spent nearly three years as a prisoner of war.

He says although the battle was several decades ago now, he still remembers everyone he fought alongside on that day.
“You don’t try and forget,” he said. “You can’t.”

Lt-Col. Chris Hunt, who commands the regiment today, says the Dieppe Raid is a crucial part of the regiment’s history.

“I can say on behalf of all the soldiers of today’s Kings Own Calgary Regiment that we’re immensely proud of our Dieppe veterans and the standard of courage dedication and professionalism that they displayed on that morning,”

Hunt told CTV Calgary. “It set the standard for the regiment, for the remainder of the war and right up until today.”



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75th anniversary of Dieppe Raid: A tragedy that devastated Windsor-Essex families

Post by Guest on Thu 17 Aug 2017, 06:37

75th anniversary of Dieppe Raid: A tragedy that devastated Windsor-Essex families

August 16, 2017

Saturday marks the 75th anniversary of the single bloodiest day for Canadians during the Second World War, an ill-fated military operation where families across Windsor and Essex County suffered horrible losses and whose impact has not faded with time.

In the early hours of Aug. 19, 1942, 553 soldiers of the Windsor-based Essex Scottish Regiment landed on the cobblestone shores of Dieppe, France only to be pinned down by enemy gunfire that decimated their numbers and sealed the fate of the highly criticized raid.

Only 51 Essex Scottish soldiers made it back to England by evening. Almost a quarter of them, 121, were killed, and most of the rest suffered in brutal conditions in PoW camps for the remainder of the war.

“It’s one of the events that is seared into the minds, certainly of everyone in Windsor-Essex,” Windsor Mayor Drew Dilkens said this week from France. He is part of a contingent of about 70 local people from the regiment — renamed the Essex and Kent Scottish in the 1950s — touring battlefields and attending the Dieppe Raid ceremonies.

A memorial ceremony is also scheduled Saturday in Windsor’s Dieppe Gardens starting at 1 p.m.

“If anyone has watched (films) like Saving Private Ryan where you watch the storming of the beach, you can’t help but be moved by what these folks had to go through, to help liberate Europe and frankly the world from tyranny,” Dilkens said.

The regiment’s battlefield tour will also include stops at Vimy Ridge in France, the Hochwald Forest battle site in Germany, and Salisbury Plain in England where the Essex Scottish trained during both world wars.

But the tour’s pinnacle will be Dieppe, where it will join visitors from other communities along with the official Canadian contingent, which will include Canada’s Veterans Affairs Minister Kent Hehr. Rumours are circulating that Prince Charles will also attend.

Hehr said he’s honoured to attend the ceremony with veterans who fought in the raid and to commemorate the Canadians — 5,000 of the 6,000 soldiers — who took part. A total of 916 Canadians were killed.

“Many paid the ultimate sacrifice that day, including the Essex Scottish Regiment, which lost 121 soldiers,” Hehr said. “Their task was a difficult and costly one. The courage they showed in service to our country must never be forgotten.”

The last local Essex Scottish survivor of the Dieppe Raid, Les Tetler, died in March at age 97. He was captured by the Germans during the raid and spend three years in a PoW camp. The official Canadian contingent has 15 Second World War veterans attending the Dieppe ceremony, including four who took part in the Dieppe raid.

At 1 p.m., a few hours prior to the 3 p.m. official ceremony at Square du Canada in Dieppe, the Essex and Kent group will take part in a separate ceremony at Red Beach, the site where the regiment landed and where a ceremonial plaque is located, identical to the one in Windsor’s Dieppe Gardens.

The memorial ceremony in Windsor will include short speeches by the regiment’s previous commanding officer LCol (retired) Morris Brause, MP Peter Fragiskatos (L — London North Centre), and Coun. Jo-Anne Gignac, who will speak about the raid’s impact on the community.

“All of these people, 553, they are from these communities and you can imagine the impact at the time,” said the regiment’s acting commanding officer Capt. Donald Matheson. “All of those men to be pulled from these communities (Windsor, Essex County and Kent County) and sent overseas, and the vast majority never came home.”

Nicole Chittle, a research assistant at the Chimczuk Museum in Windsor, has organized a Dieppe exhibit which opens Saturday.

Following the Windsor ceremony, everyone is invited to the nearby Chimczuk Museum, which is offering free admission on that day to its Dieppe exhibit, which runs from Saturday to Dec. 31. Normal admission is $5.

The exhibit, organized with help from Kingsville Historical Park curator Kevin Fox, focuses on the individual soldiers’ stories, employing many artifacts donated to the regiment by families over the years.

“I have medals, scrapbooks, lots of newspaper clippings families have cut out, dog tags, PoW tags, PoW magazines, sketchpads — just all the things that they would have had before and after the raid,” said Chimczuk Museum research assistant Nicole Chittle.

Capt. Matheson said some may say that memorial services like this have lost their emotion and importance over the years, as the number of surviving veterans has declined to zero.

“But on the other side, we can say it’s more important than ever,” said Matheson. “As these people do pass on and these memories do fade, it becomes more and more important to remember these historic days, especially when you consider the world political stage at this time.”

He cited the current tensions between the United States and North Korea, the U.S. and Russia, the situation in Ukraine and Canadian soldiers going to operations in Iraq. “It should be gaining strength as we start to see perhaps some things in the past starting to repeat themselves in the current day.”

This page from the Dieppe exhibit at the Chimczuk Museum in Windsor shows newspaper clippings of this Essex Scottish soldiers taken prisoner in the August 1942 raid.



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Dieppe deserves a better commemoration than this

Post by Guest on Thu 17 Aug 2017, 14:41

Dieppe deserves a better commemoration than this

August 17, 2017

On Saturday, when Canadians pause for a moment and remember the ghastly slaughter that occurred in 1942 on the beaches of Dieppe – the single bloodiest day for Canada’s military in the Second World War – there will be no commemoration at the National War Memorial in Ottawa.

The government confirms there will be a ceremony on Aug. 22 – once our official delegation returns from France. But this week, there was no mention of an Ottawa event in the press releases or government documents explaining the commemorations. (Plans are still being finalized, Veterans Affairs Canada said, revealing few details.)

The prime minister is expected to attend the Ottawa ceremony. The Governor General should too. And – though it sure seems a little late for this – the commemoration in Ottawa should be (or, should have been) on the actual anniversary, not days later. Whatever reason explains the scheduling, it’s undignified that national commemoration, in Ottawa, of such sacrifice, should have to wait.

The Dieppe raid, of Aug. 19, 1942, was an utter disaster.

Of a fighting force around 6,000-strong (nearly 5,000 of them Canadians) the raid left more than 900 Canadians dead. All total, around 3,350 were killed, wounded or taken captive (accounts vary on the precise totals). “Total German casualties numbered at most 600, a small price to pay for gutting much of the infantry of a division, sinking ships galore, and winning the air battle,” wrote historian Jack Granatstein in 2012, for the 70th anniversary.

Yet that wasn’t how it was painted at the time. In the immediate aftermath, newspapermen managed to describe the assault as a success. A Citizen photo caption from Aug. 24, 1942 described it as a “victorious raid,” and said Canadian troops “helped storm through the strong Nazi coast defences to reach their objectives and return with prisoners.”

The paper also printed a communiqué from Lt.-Gen. A.G.L. McNaughton, sent to prime minister William Lyon Mackenzie King: “The operation was indeed a memorable exploit and Canada can well be very proud of the courage and skill shown by her men who took part.”

Canadians today, at least those who think about Dieppe, console themselves with the belief that the lessons from this military disaster contributed to the success, nearly two years later, of Operation Neptune, on the beaches of Normandy.

Federal planning around Dieppe feels markedly different from that for the 70th anniversary of D-Day, which saw a ceremony at the Canada Aviation and Space Museum with Gov. Gen. David Johnston. We’ve also seen the non-stop glorification of the Battle of Vimy Ridge. And, in 2012, there was a ceremony at the cenotaph in Ottawa on the 70th anniversary of Dieppe. And in 2007, for the 65th.

Why not this time?

There are three main locations for commemorations this year marking the 75th anniversary of Dieppe: Calgary and Montreal on Aug. 19 and Dieppe, N.B., on Aug. 20. In part, the locations chosen make sense, as regiments from Calgary and Montreal fought in the raid. As well, there are commemorations in France, with the official Canadian delegation to be led by Veterans Affairs Minister Kent Hehr.

But not in Ottawa. Not until Tuesday.

Not at the national monument that exists specifically for moments such as this, to consider, as a nation, our military accomplishments and tragedies and to remember that success and victory are not necessarily prerequisites for valour and courage.

Some events simply must happen in Ottawa – and on the actual anniversary. We’re the seat of government and the city housing the commemorative stage upon which remembrances are best held. The symbolism is enduring. That’s not to say there shouldn’t be other events, merely that such an important event in Canada’s history deserves more serious treatment from the national capital.

Perhaps Ottawans will take this to heart.

Residents of the city can take time to wander down to the cenotaph and take a moment to reflect, on Saturday, on how young Canadian men, 75 years ago, stormed ashore into volleys of gunfire. “Don’t worry men, it’ll be a piece of cake,” said Maj.-Gen. J.H. Roberts, who led the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division.

How wrong that ended up being. It’s precisely the sort of tragedy that deserves an appropriate remembrance ceremony, as we ought to have reverence for all heroism, not just those acts that ended in victory.

Tyler Dawson is deputy editorial pages editor of the Ottawa Citizen.



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A remarkable battle that was largely forgotten': Hill 70 memorial set to open in France

Post by Loader on Mon 21 Aug 2017, 10:07

Park commemorates Canadian soldiers who died in lesser-known battle not far from Vimy Ridge

By Briar Stewart, Chris Corday, CBC News  Posted: Aug 21, 2017 2:00 AM PT| Last Updated: Aug 21, 2017 2:27 AM PT

Left: The Hill 70 Memorial Park is set to officially open Tuesday, August 22, 2017, in France, to honour the Canadian Corps' 'forgotten' victory a century ago
at the site not far from Vimy Ridge. Right: Canadians in captured trenches at Hill 70 in August 1917. (Hill 70 Memorial/Facebook, Library and Archives Canada)

A group huddles around a collection of large black-and-white portraits strewn across a table at the armoury in Kamloops, B.C.

Peering through magnifying glasses, they search for a specific face among the rows of troops dressed in identical uniforms.

They are looking for a soldier they never knew, who fought and died in a battle most have never heard of.

"It was a Chinese-Canadian kid from 100 years ago, volunteering to participate in a war," said Jack Gin, a philanthropist with a love of history. "I was astounded to learn of this Frederick Lee person."

Jack Gin had never heard about Frederick Lee or the battle of Hill 70 until he received an email in the spring asking for his help to research Lee's story. (Chris Corday/CBC)

Lee was one of only a few hundred Chinese Canadians who enlisted during the First World War.

While he fought at the famous battle of Vimy Ridge, his name recently surfaced because of research that was done to commemorate a much lesser known battle in northern France.

An unknown part of history

Around 100,000 Canadian soldiers — Lee included — fought at Hill 70.

"It was a remarkable battle that was largely forgotten," said Mark Hutchings, chairman of the Hill 70 Memorial project.

Hutchings believes the battle, which took place four months after Vimy Ridge, deserves the same kind of reverence in Canadian history.

It was the first time Canadian forces were led by a Canadian commander.

A shell bursts during the battle of Hill 70 near Lens, France, in August 1917. (Canadian War Museum)

The British asked Sir Arthur Currie to attack the Germans at the French town of Lens and create a diversion that would prevent them from moving troops into Belgium, where the Allies were planning a larger offensive.  

Hutchings says Currie pushed to change plans after doing reconnaissance of the area.

"He went and had a look and said, oh, this would be a meat grinder, we would be doomed to fail the same way the French failed, the British failed," he said.

Currie believed that the Canadians should instead try attacking the higher ground north of Lens — an area that was named Hill 70 because it was 70 metres above sea level.  

The British agreed, and as dawn broke on Aug. 15, 1917, the Canadian Corps launched its attack.

As chairman of the Hill 70 project, Mark Hutchings has worked to develop the memorial park and an educational program that will be rolled out in schools. (CBC)

Battle for Hill 70

Within hours, they were able to gain the higher ground, and over the next 10 days the Germans launched 21 counterattacks.

It was a bloody battle, and a devastating loss for the Germans, Hutchings says: there were between 20,000 to 40,000 German casualties, "depending on which history you read."

On the Canadian side, 1,877 men were killed including 21-year-old Lee, who died on the sixth day of the battle. His name is etched on the Vimy Ridge memorial, and he is one of more than 11,000 Canadians who were killed in action in France and whose final resting place is unknown.

His Chinese heritage meant that Frederick Lee wasn't able to vote, but that didn't stop him from enlisting with the Canadian Expeditionary Force,
to fight for Canada overseas. (Courtesy Norman Lee)

While the Canadian Corps' accomplishment at Vimy is a storied and celebrated part of Canada's history, the victory at Hill 70 is largely unknown.

Since 2012, a group of volunteers has been working to change that, and on August 22, the Hill 70 Memorial Park will open in France, one hundred years after the First World War battle.

The site is about 15 kilometres from the Vimy Ridge memorial and features a white limestone obelisk and a pathway marked with 1,877 maple leaves.

Gin and his group are fundraising to build another walkway which would wind to the top of the hill and be named after Frederick Lee.

"It would be symbolic," said Gin who has been helping to research Lee's story.

"I see Frederick Lee as a metaphor for the hard work and struggle for the early Chinese."

Wide-spread discrimination

Lee was born in Kamloops in 1895. Those researching his story have discovered that he was one of eight children in his family. His father had migrated to Canada to work as a gold miner but eventually became a merchant.

Gin said even though Kamloops had a strong Chinese community back then, there was deep, widespread discrimination.

"They weren't allowed to own property on one side of the river. They weren't even allowed to bury their dead in the city cemetery," said Gin.

Lee poses for a photo at a camp in Vernon, B.C., with other members of the machine gun section of the 172nd Battalion in 1916. (Canadian War Museum)

Even their children — born in Canada — were not allowed to vote.

Despite that, Lee, who had been working as a farmer, signed up for the Canadian Expeditionary Force in 1916 and joined the 172nd Battalion. He trained as a machine gunner within the unit before heading to France.

Honouring Lee at home

His name is carved into the stone cenotaph in Kamloops alongside other local soldiers who were killed in the First World War. But many didn't realize he was part of the city's Chinese community until only recently because Lee can also be an English name.

"We should be so proud of him," said Elsie Cheung, president of the Kamloops Chinese Freemasons.

Members of the Chinese community in Kamloops didn't realize that one of their own fought during the First World War. After hearing Lee's story,
they have been trying to track his family history. (Chris Corday/CBC)

Another fundraising effort is underway to build a gazebo at the city's Chinese cemetery.  

It would be perched at the top of a small hill, looking over more than 200 graves, many which are marked with simple wood stakes.

"It's amazing," she said.

"He counted himself as a Canadian, even if he wasn't recognized as a Canadian."

After learning about his story a few months ago, she has spent hours looking into Lee's family history.  

The name "Fred Lee" is engraved on the cenotaph in Kamloops, but Elsie Cheung says no one realized he was part of the Chinese community
until they received an email from those organizing the Hill 70 project. (Chris Corday/CBC)

Cheung discovered that Lee's father died and his mother and most of his siblings returned to China even before Lee enlisted.

She found that Lee has an 85-year-old nephew still living in Kamloops, and her goal now is to try and track down his family living in China.

"I would love to reach out to them and tell them about his story in Canada."

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Sask. Military Museum curator shocked at upcoming auction of war hero's medals

Post by Guest on Tue 22 Aug 2017, 16:34

Sask. Military Museum curator shocked at upcoming auction of war hero's medals

Lt.-Col. David Currie won Victoria Cross in Second World War, estimated to sell for $500K

By David Shield, CBC News Posted: Aug 22, 2017

Lt.-Col. David Currie was awarded the Victoria Cross for his role in the 1944 Normandy campaign during the Second World War. (Dix Noonan Webb)

Keith Inches doesn't believe that anyone should benefit from the sale of Lt.-Col. David Currie's medals.

Medals belonging to Currie, including his Victoria Cross, are expected to sell for anywhere between $500,000 to $600,000 next month at auction in London.

"My first reaction was shock that they were being offered up for sale, instead of being donated," said Inches, the curator of the Saskatchewan Military Museum in Regina.

Only 16 Victoria Crosses were presented to Canadian soldiers during the Second World War, according to Veterans Affairs Canada. Currie's medal is the only Canadian Victoria Cross from the Second World War not on public display, making it quite rare.

'It's a shame that they're going for that much money and the family doesn't benefit from it.'
- Keith Inches, Saskatchewan Military Museum curator

Inches believes the medals should be donated to the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa, or the Government of Saskatchewan.

"[Paying] half a million dollars for something someone else won, I just feel uncomfortable with that," said Inches.

Historic battle

According to the auction house Dix Noonan Webb, Currie, who died in 1986, was born in Saskatoon and won the Victoria Cross during the Normandy campaign in 1944. Currie's unit was ordered to cut off escaping German forces by taking the village of Saint-Lambert and trapping them in a bottleneck known as the Falaise Gap.

During the battle, the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps killed 300 German troops, wounded 500 and took 2,100 prisoner. Military historians call the victory one of the most important in the campaign.

Lt.-Col. David Currie was awarded the Victoria Cross. (Dix Noonan Webb)

While the medal was awarded to Currie, he acknowledged the soldiers in his unit when he was presented with the Victoria Cross, making a sale even more problematic.

"As [Currie] said, he represented the men that he was leading when he closed that gap," said Inches. "He was inspiring them to hold their ground and go forward. But he didn't do it by himself."

The Victoria Cross is the highest military award presented by the United Kingdom, and is awarded for "gallantry in the face of the enemy." Currie was the only Canadian to receive the medal in the Normandy campaign.

Valuable history

The current owner bought the medals from Currie's widow in 1989 and has kept them ever since.

"It's a shame that they're going for that much money and the family doesn't benefit from it," said Inches. "I don't think anyone other than the family members should benefit from that, because they were awarded to him."

According to Dix Noonan Webb, the Victoria Cross is quite rare.

"It's not often that Victoria Crosses come up for sale," said spokesperson Tanya Ursual. "In recent years, a large number of Victoria Crosses have made their way to the Imperial War Museum in London, where they are on permanent display. A large number of them have disappeared from the marketplace."

As well, Currie's Victoria Cross was made specifically for the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps, making the medal even more valuable, according to Ursual.

'If you look at the auction archives around the world of Victoria Cross sales, you will see some that have gone on sale in Australia and other parts of the world for close to $1 million," she said. "[Dix Noonan Webb] just sold one in March of this year that got $500,000."

If the medals' new owner decides to remove them from Canada, they would have to make a special application with the federal government.

The auction will be held Sept. 27 in London.



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Scientists uncover what killed crew of Civil War sub H.L. Hunley

Post by Loader on Thu 24 Aug 2017, 08:25

Crew of first sub to sink a ship were killed by fatal injuries from their own torpedo, study finds

CBC News  Posted: Aug 23, 2017 3:44 PM ET| Last Updated: Aug 24, 2017 8:04 AM ET

On Feb. 17, 1864, during the American Civil War, the 12-metre long Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley made history when its torpedo
took down the 1,100-tonne Union ship USS Housatonic outside Charleston Harbor, S.C. (Randall Hill/Reuters)

Scientists have solved a longstanding mystery about the first submarine ever to sink an enemy ship — what killed the sub's own crew.

On Feb. 17, 1864, during the American Civil War, the 12-metre long Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley made history when its torpedo took down the 1,100-tonne Union ship USS Housatonic outside Charleston Harbor, S.C.

The Hunley itself later sank, with its crew of eight aboard.

According to research led by Rachel Lance, who studied the incident during her Ph.D. in biomedical engineering at Duke University, the crew were killed by massive lung and brain injuries caused indirectly by their own torpedo. Lance, who graduated in 2016, published the findings Wednesday in the journal PLOS ONE.

The sunken submarine was found in 1995 and raised from the bottom in 2000. Mysteriously, the skeletons of all eight of the crew were all still at their stations, with no broken bones, and the sub was in very good condition, Lance reports.

The sunken submarine was found in 1995 and raised from the bottom in 2000. It had been undamaged by the blast and the crew's skeletons
were still at their stations. (Bruce Smith/Associated Press)

There were some holes in the hull that were the result of time under the sea. But there was no actual damage found to have happened from the blast itself," she said in an interview with Duke University.

The exit hatches were closed and the bilge pumps that would have been used if the sub started to take on water were not set to pump, suggesting that the crew never tried to save themselves as the sub sank.

Still, some scientists had proposed that the crew may have suffocated or drowned.

Recreating the blast

Lance solved the mystery by creating a 2-metre-long scale model made of mild steel, fitting it with sensors, and setting off a series of blasts intended to recreate the torpedo explosion.

Unlike a modern-day torpedo, the Hunley's weapon couldn't be fired into the water and away from the sub. Instead, it was a copper keg of gunpowder attached in front of the sub by a short pole called a spar that was rammed into the enemy ship by the advancing sub, with the crew inside.

"Their spar was only 16 feet long, so they were actually very close to the 135 pound charge, especially since the spar was at a downward angle," Lance said.

The sub's torpedo was a copper keg of gunpowder attached in front of the sub by a short pole called a spar that was rammed into the enemy ship
by the advancing sub, not far from the crew inside the sub's hull. (Lance et al.)

When the charge exploded, the blast would have caused the submarine's hull to transmit a powerful, secondary shock wave into the submarine, crushing their lungs and brain and killing them instantly. Lance calculated that each crew member had only a 15 per cent chance of survival from the blast.

In fact, there was no indication that any of them survived.

In the end, the crew of the USS Housatonic fared better. Five of its members died in the torpedo blast, but the damaged ship came to rest in relatively shallow water, allowing the survivors to climb rigging, deploy lifeboats and escape.

The research was funded by Duke University, the U.S. Department of Defence, the U.S. Army and the Hagley Library's Center for the History of Business, Technology and Society.

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Re: History / Topics & Posted Articles

Post by Nemo on Thu 24 Aug 2017, 14:56

Yeah, I can't imagine going inside a modern day sub and submerging much less in this era. Hats off to those that are submariners - a special breed.
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Canadians killed in historic First World War battle buried with honours in France

Post by Guest on Fri 25 Aug 2017, 06:28

Canadians killed in historic First World War battle buried with honours in France



OTTAWA — The remains of two soldiers who died in a historic battle for Canada during the First World War have been buried in France.

Pte. Reginald Joseph Winfield Johnston from Manitoba and Sgt. Harold Wilfred Shaughnessy of New Brunswick died during the Battle of Hill 70 in August 1917.

The Canadian Armed Forces says Hill 70 was the first major action fought by the Canadian Corps under a Canadian commander during the war, and more than half of the 2,100 Canadians who died over the 10-day battle have no graves.

Both sets of remains were discovered during munitions clearing in advance of a construction project near a French village.

Johnston and Shaughnessy were buried with military honours by their units in Loos British Cemetery.

The families of the soldiers were present, with the support of Veterans Affairs Canada.

“Today we pay tribute to Pte. Johnston and Sgt. Shaughnessy, two among the many Canadians who gave everything they had so that we might emerge victorious from the First World War. We give thanks to our international partners who made today’s events possible,” Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan said in a news release Thursday.

Veterans Affairs Minister Kent Hehr said the Battle of Hill 70 was an effort to divert German forces from the Battle of Passchendaele. The strategic high point of Hill 70 remained in Allied hands until the end of the war.

Johnston was born in Springfield, Man, in 1895. The family moved to Fairford, Man., when he was an infant and he was a homesteader until he enlisted in Winnipeg in 1916 at the age of 20.

He was a member of the 16th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, a unit perpetuated by The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary’s) of Victoria, B.C. He died on August 15 or 16, 1917, at the age of 22.

Shaughnessy was born in St. Stephen, N.B., in 1884 and was a stenographer before enlisting in Montreal on August 4, 1915, at the age of 31.

He was a member of the 13th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, a unit perpetuated by The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Montreal. He died on August 15, 1917, at the age of 33.

After the remains were found, the Commonwealth War Graves Commission took possession of them and they were later identified by Defence Department’s casualty identification program.

“One hundred years later, these soldiers have finally been given the dignity and respect of a military burial in a Commonwealth cemetery, where all who pass by will note their personal sacrifice,” Brig.-Gen. (Ret.) David Kettle, secretary general of the Canadian Agency of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, said in the release.



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